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Rosacea is a chronic inflammatory condition of the face that may be characterised by a permanent redness of the nose, cheek or chin or visible broken surface capillaries (tiny blood vessels).


Who does it affect?

Rosacea typically affects fair-skinned people between 20 and 60 years of age.


What causes it?

The cause of rosacea is not yet fully understood. The redness comes from abnormalities in the tiny blood vessels on the face, but dermatologists are unsure what causes them to inflame. A number of factors may trigger the condition including spicy food, alcohol, sun damage, hot showers, emotional distress or anxiety.


Where does it present?

Rosacea typically presents on the cheeks, nose and chin.


What are the symptoms?

The first and most obvious sign of rosacea is redness or flushing on the face. In some cases, blood vessels may become visible and raised areas of skin called papules may form. The condition can cause stinging, a burning sensation, skin sensitivity and eyes can become red, dry or itchy. In more severe cases, capillaries on the nose may expand causing the nose to become enlarged and red.


What are the treatments?

Depending on the type of rosacea, there are three types of treatment:

  • Skin care creams
  • Oral medication
  • Laser treatment


How can Bowral Dermatology help?

Bowral Dermatology has a range of treatments including a vascular laser, which works by emitting a beam of light that causes the vessel to heat up, constrict and close. Your dermatologist may also prescribe skin care creams or oral medication. As yet, rosacea has no cure but it can be effectively treated and the symptoms minimised.